Teddy Roosevelt was a racist, but that’s far from all he was


Archive Photo Courtesy of the Dickinson State University Theodore Roosevelt Center

MINOT, N.D. — If we were to engage in some endeavor to illuminate the history of the Five Tribes, who were pushed by white colonists from their homes in the southeast part of America out west to what is now Oklahoma, would we dwell on their history of owning other human beings?

The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes all engaged in chattel slavery.

They did so even after the practice was made illegal by the 13th amendment. Treaties had to be signed with the tribes that included the outlaw of slavery.

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